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[R] Speech synthesis from neural decoding of spoken sentences (Nature)

Speech synthesis from neural decoding of spoken sentences

Abstract

Technology that translates neural activity into speech would be transformative for people who are unable to communicate as a result of neurological impairments. Decoding speech from neural activity is challenging because speaking requires very precise and rapid multi-dimensional control of vocal tract articulators. Here we designed a neural decoder that explicitly leverages kinematic and sound representations encoded in human cortical activity to synthesize audible speech. Recurrent neural networks first decoded directly recorded cortical activity into representations of articulatory movement, and then transformed these representations into speech acoustics. In closed vocabulary tests, listeners could readily identify and transcribe speech synthesized from cortical activity. Intermediate articulatory dynamics enhanced performance even with limited data. Decoded articulatory representations were highly conserved across speakers, enabling a component of the decoder to be transferrable across participants. Furthermore, the decoder could synthesize speech when a participant silently mimed sentences. These findings advance the clinical viability of using speech neuroprosthetic technology to restore spoken communication.

Nature (paywall): https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1119-1

direct link to pdf: https://www.gwern.net/docs/ai/2019-anumanchipalli.pdf

YouTube demo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kbX9FLJ6WKw

Articles about this paper:

Nature: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01328-x

Scientific American: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientists-take-a-step-toward-decoding-thoughts/

NY Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/health/artificial-speech-brain-injury.html

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Toronto AI is a social and collaborative hub to unite AI innovators of Toronto and surrounding areas. We explore AI technologies in digital art and music, healthcare, marketing, fintech, vr, robotics and more. Toronto AI was founded by Dave MacDonald and Patrick O'Mara.